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Historical figures with a mustache and beard: unique photos from history

Many psychologists and sociologists argue that most famous personalities would not be so successful, popular and in demand, if not for their appearance. One of these features is the presence of a beard - it adds brutality, masculinity and inspires respect. People with a beard in modern society stand out from the crowd. History knows many characters with interesting and colorful beards that have helped to perpetuate these personalities in history. Stone Forest blog offers you a small rating in chronological order of very popular people who wore beards.

Philosopher Socrates

One of the most prominent personalities of the civilization of Ancient Greece, about whom it is said that he wore a beard not because it was an element of his image, but corny because he thought so much that he could not allocate even a few minutes to shave.

Confucius

The genius of Confucius impressed not only his compatriots, but also the entire world civilization. He rightfully stands among the wisest of men who have ever lived on the planet. The hallmark of his bewitching and bewitching image has always been a long beard.

Leonardo da Vinci

He was synonymous with the Renaissance. Thousands of his riddles and ideas were never known to descendants, therefore, among the most mysterious personalities in history, he boasts leading positions. The image of mystery is complemented by the magnificent and voluminous beard of a real sage.

Albert Einstein

The great scientist, the founder of modern theoretical physics, without doubt the well-read and intelligent man, also preferred a smooth-shaven face with a mustache. Perhaps it’s even hard to imagine how Einstein would have looked without his mustache, which complemented the lush gray hair.

Sven Viloborodny

A worthy representative from the Scandinavians, a real Viking who could never get enough of the blood of his enemies. He went down in history as one of the bloodiest rulers, and his long beard, trimmed with special accessories into several parts, cast terror on the enemies. The image of Sven is described in many traditional Viking sagas.

Fredy Mercury

Without a doubt, the great singer, who left behind many hits, had remarkable charisma. Fire was felt in every song, and its manner of performance still makes goosebumps today. A thick black mustache flaunted over Mercury's upper lip when he was already mega-popular and became his characteristic feature.

Kaiser Wilhelm I

The German emperor, who became famous not only for his achievements as a ruler and commander, but also became a real favorite of the nation, as the embodiment of the image of the good old Prussia. Wilhelm's physiognomy was very memorable, especially thanks to facial hair.

Clark Gable

This great actor, a sex symbol of the cinema of the 30-40s, is rarely remembered by moviegoers. But his spectacular pencil mustache and light squinting eyes are impossible to forget. The ideal style of the "King of Hollywood", a real man of womanizer, was assigned to the name of Clark Gable for a long time. A narrow thin strip of hair above the upper lip was always neatly cut and complemented the image of a real "macho" conqueror of female hearts.


Joseph Stalin

The great dictator, whom everyone feared during his reign, left behind a bloody trace in the history of mankind. Thousands of dead, millions of people and “enemies of the people” exiled to the camps, constant repression and loud reprisals. These great feats made this great ruler famous. One thing can be said that his eastern blood and magnificent mustache dreamed in terrible dreams to many people.

Salvador Dali

Historians claimed that this man was strange and somewhere not far from madness, so his mustache was also far from non-standard. With such a long, protruding mustache, it was hardly possible to get a job as a teacher or financier in a decent cantor. Such non-standard vegetation on the face of the great artist simply obliged him to paint surrealistic paintings that were on the verge of human understanding.

Grigory Rasputin

One of the most mysterious personalities in the history of our Fatherland. Many were convinced that Rasputin had magical and occult abilities, which, for information, he regularly practiced at the imperial court. The mystical image of this man was complemented by a long wedge-shaped beard.

Nikita Mikhalkov

For reference! The great Soviet and Russian actor, director and producer. He starred in cult films, and his mustache conquered many women's hearts.

And today in Russia it is Mikhalkov who is considered a role model among actors who listen to his opinion and consider him a wise and important person in the cinema. His images were always courageous and strong, and his mustache was an integral part of them.

Che Guevara

It was this noble revolutionary and underground who was also distinguished by a severe appearance and a bearded face. Naturally, in the conditions of the revolution he was not up to turning in front of a mirror and shaving his cheeks daily smoothly. Only severity, only revolution!

Vasily Chapaev

Any full mod would envy the full magnificent mustache of the division head Chapaev today. Not every man, leading a healthy lifestyle and properly caring for facial hair, can boast the same results. Chapaev's mustache is a trend! Naturally, genes play a big role, and Chapaev apparently couldn’t take away testosterone!


Semyon Budyonny

This great military leader left a big mark in Soviet military history. He proved himself to be a fearless, brave and intelligent warrior. At the same time, he adored wearing a magnificent mustache. His appearance cannot be confused with anyone, and Budeny's mustache is his calling card. Perhaps such lush vegetation on the face and adding war courage and desire for victory.

Nikolay II

Important! Russian Emperor Nicholas II was smart and calm, he became the first global peacekeeper. He loved port and dreamed of moving the capital to Yalta.

These historical facts are not known to everyone, they did not write about this in history textbooks. The dense full beard of the sovereign looked royal. Although in the youthful photos, Nikolai is depicted with thin small antennae. There are many facts about the strength and courage of this ruler and his great mind. He has done a lot for Russia and this cannot be denied.


Lenin

The great revolutionary until 1917 wore neither a beard nor a mustache. Lenin's beard appeared closer to the time of mass uprisings, at that time the leader looked like that depicted in all portraits. The great historical figure was able to lead the people to revolution and coup, which is not so easy, therefore it is impossible to deny his strength and influence on people. There are many opinions, but one cannot argue about fortitude, intelligence and a beautiful beard.

All these great people with a beard or mustache left an important mark in the history of revolutions, culture, cinema, music. All of them possessed charisma, masculinity and fortitude. Sometimes, it’s even hard to imagine how much they carried on their shoulders and how to cope with everything on their own. Perhaps the beard and mustache did not play a big role in history, but they definitely influenced the character of men!

We look at the "lambersexual" portraits of the 19th century along with Sofia Bagdasarova.

Lambersexual (from the English lumberjack - "lumberjack") - a brutal man with a beard. Nowadays, a beard is a symbol of masculinity, a way to emphasize your own personality, to stand out from the crowd. In the middle and in the second half of the 19th century, a beard was also worn in Russia in order to show the difference of its owner from those around him. .

At that time, only completely “free" people could afford not to shave - those who were not in the service of the state. (Moreover, representatives of simple estates - clergy, merchants, peasants and Old Believers.)

For others, there were special laws and rescripts. Under Nicholas I, only officers could wear a mustache, and officials were required to smoothly shave their entire face. Only by going up, they could afford short whiskers - and only if the authorities were supportive.

“At the same time, His Majesty deigned to command: not to allow any oddities both in the mustache and in the whiskers, observing that the former were not lower than the mouth, and the latter, if not reduced with the mustache, was also not lower than the mouth, shaving them on the cheeks against thereof. ”

Order on the form of hairstyles. War Department Order

Isaac Levitan. Picture by Valentin Serov. 1893. Tretyakov Gallery

Arkhip Kuindzhi. Painting by Ivan Kramskoy. 1872. Tretyakov Gallery

Mark Antokolsky. Painting by Ivan Kramskoy. 1876. Russian Museum

The vegetation on the face of the capital's inhabitants was considered a sign of freethinking and was not approved by the authorities. By the second half of the 19th century, intellectuals, representatives of the liberal public began to grow beards intensely. As the famous memoirist Elizaveta Nikolaevna Vodovozova writes, “They did not want to resemble, as they were then expressed,“ officials ”or“ binoculars, “did not want to bear the official stamp” . Growing a beard was a clear challenge to total state control.

After resigning, the smoothly shaved artillery lieutenant Leo Tolstoy grows a beard - and one of the most recognizable in Russian art. Petrashevets Alexey Pleshcheyev, exiled as a simple soldier to the Orenburg battalion, upon returning from exile, soon gets magnificent vegetation on his face. A graduate of the Naval Cadet Corps Vasily Vereshchagin, having left for a civilian and completely surrendering to painting, joyfully joins the ranks of the bearded man. There are countless examples. A beard meant belonging to a "free" profession - a writer, journalist, artist, architect, "barefoot" person - the presence of exacting bosses with stupid rules.

Lev Tolstoy. Painting by Ivan Kramskoy. 1873. Tretyakov Gallery

Alexey Plescheev. Painting by Nikolai Yaroshenko. 1887. Kharkov Art Museum

Vasily Vereshchagin. Painting by Ivan Kramskoy. 1883. Tretyakov Gallery

In the same era, Slavophilism spreads: among thinking people, this meant a return to “old Russian traditions” in fashion. They recalled that before the law of Peter the Great in 1705 “On the shaving of beards and mustaches of all ranks to people, except for priests and deacons, on the collection of duties from those who do not want to fulfill it, and on the issue of signs that paid the duty” a beard was an indispensable feature of a real Russian man.

This was combined with a pan-European fashion trend: mustache, whiskers and beard in the 1850s became a popular accessory for Victorian men. Contributed to this, it is believed, the long residence of the British among the mustached Indians, as well as the Crimean War and the massive return of overgrown veterans. Before that, in Europe, facial hair was also considered a symbol of revolutionary spirit and political provocation.

Apollo Mike. Painting by Vasily Perov. 1872. Tretyakov Gallery

Vladimir Soloviev. Painting by Nikolai Yaroshenko. 1892. Tretyakov Gallery

Vsevolod Garshin. Painting by Ilya Repin. 1884. Metropolitan Museum of Art

The state’s position regarding beards softened in

Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolaevich dressed as the chieftain of the Zaporizhzhya Cossacks of the XVII century at a costume ball. 1903

In the 21st century, bearded men are again in trend.

It’s easy enough for men to change their appearance, just growing a thick beard that will cover the lower part of their face. The beard is truly a magical tool for those who want to become a brutal and modern alpha male and stars like no one else know. The fashion for thick and long beards has not passed for quite a long time, and we want to prove to you that at least 10 Hollywood stars are better with a beard than without it.

Jeff Bridges

At 66, the actor continues to win female hearts and conquer with his charm. His track record includes more than 80 film works. He is the owner of an Oscar, Golden Globe and a star on the Walk of Fame. For a long time he walked without a beard, but the decision to grow her was correct. The appearance of the actor was transformed before our eyes, she became clearly richer and more attractive.

Ben Affleck

It seems that this Hollywood handsome is good without a beard, and with her, but still ... Until recently, he walked with a perfectly shaven face, then brutal bristles that didn’t really make Ben look more and more visible. And then, finally, the fashion for beards came and everyone immediately saw how from a romantic young guy Affleck turned into a stylish handsome man.

Ryan Gosling

Canadian actor Ryan Gosling realized that a beard was needed and important at the beginning of his career, so he did not go without it for long. She gives the image of an actor of charisma and adds a degree of attractiveness. Apparently, therefore, such actresses as Sandra Bullock, Rachel McAdams, Jamie Murray, Famke Janssen and Eva Mendes did not resist his charm. The latter, by the way, gave birth to the actor two beautiful daughters.

Denzel Washington

One interesting detail was noticed - “bearded” actors often receive an Oscar than their smooth-shaven colleagues. Maybe the secret lies in the charm that gives its owner a beard. One has only to look at the example of the colorful actor Denzel Washington, whom the beard clearly colors.

Jake Gyllenhaal

Many young actors are pursued by the same rock - once playing a student, they constantly receive offers of similar roles. Such a flare is attached to the actor for a long time and something needs to be done. So Jake Gyllenhaal thought, so he grew a beard and matured before his eyes.

Kevin Costner

Actor Kevin Costner is just at that age (photo 61), when a beard is best suited for a man. For almost his entire career, viewers are accustomed to seeing Kevin without a beard, and so he seems more familiar, but fashion is fashion.

Steve Carell

Thanks to his talents, the comedian managed to earn Oscars, Emmys, the Guild of Actors award and public recognition. The lack of a beard did not stop him in any way, but with her he looks much more attractive.

Will Smith

The American actor and rapper has long realized that he is better off not with smooth cheeks, but with a neat stylish beard. And we can safely say that this is a completely justified decision.

Mustache for men is something holy and untouchable. Such beauty is grown for a long time and taken care of even longer. Sometimes men are so proud of the facial hair and get used to it that they wear it for years, decades or their whole lives. Many actors, directors and singers also did not escape such a fate.

And since famous personalities are almost always in sight, their mustache becomes almost a brand name and few can imagine them without the usual element on their faces. And we will introduce and see.

Mikhail Boyarsky

Probably Boyarsky is the most famous mustachioed man in our country. But even with his mustache there were incidents. “Before starting the filming of the film“ D’Artagnan and the Three Musketeers, ”I long and painfully grew my mustache, but on the very first day, curling them, the make-up artist burned the pride of the musketeer. I had to glue the artificial ones until they were grown, ”said Boyarsky.

He began to grow a mustache at a young age and without them looked like this.

Another world famous barbel. True, his mustache is unlikely to cause a smile.

Stalin grew them as soon as the opportunity arose, and since then has never shaved them. General Secretary without a mustache can be seen only at a young age.

Igor Nikolaev

Long blond curls and a dark mustache - this is the invariable image of the singer.However, he himself claims that he did not specifically create the image, but he no longer imagines himself without a mustache. “I think that all changes should concern creativity, what is inside a person. And what will grow on the face is already from the field of physiology, ”said Nikolaev.

“Since my mustache grew, I shaved them off only once, before taking the oath.”

Nikita Mikhalkov

The director without a mustache is not represented not only by the audience, but also by his own daughter. Once, Nadia Mikhalkova said in an interview: “I would be upset if he shaved them. Previously, I did not like what is pricked when dad kisses. And now I like dad so much that I can’t imagine him without a mustache. ”

But the director and the actor began his career precisely with a mustache.

Leonid Yakubovich

The presenter has become a kind of brand of the program “Field of Miracles”, and the entire First Channel, largely thanks to his mustache. In one of the programs, a participant working as an insurance agent insured Yakubovich’s mustache.

Leonid Arkadievich grew a fashion accessory at a fairly mature age.

For many, the actor is familiar precisely with the stage image with branded antennae.

But in life, Chaplin did not wear a mustache and was not at all like a comedian, but an attractive playboy.

For a long time, many historians believed that the Fuhrer wore a mustache with a brush, following fashion. This myth was dispelled by the writer Alexander Fry, who served with Hitler. Like all other colleagues, Hitler was ordered to cut his mustache, because they could interfere with wearing a gas mask.

Until that moment, the future Fuhrer wore a magnificent Prussian mustache.

Hitler was completely bezusny only in his teens.

Hulk Hogan

Wrestler is the bearer of Fu Manchu's signature mustache, without which it is already impossible to imagine.

It is not surprising that Hogan decided to grow a mustache: without them, he does not look like a terrifying fighter, but a cute lump.

The genius of mathematics and physics became the prototype of a real professor thanks to his disheveled hair and thick mustache.

Einstein never shaved his mustache, so without them he can only be seen in children's photographs.

The vocalist of Queen most of the time wore a characteristic mustache.

Sometimes Freddy shaved his mustache. For example, in the last clip, shot shortly before his death, he appears to be beardless.

Sasha Baron Cohen

The British actor has grown a mustache for the role of the Kazakh journalist Borat, and that is how he remained in the memory of the audience.

Cohen now walks without a mustache.

Clark Gable

In most films, the American actor starred with a mustache, which definitely gave his image more masculinity.

However, without the antennae, Gable also appeared on the screens.

The mustache of the surrealist is perhaps the most recognizable in the world.

Like many others, Dali grew a mustache at the first opportunity, so his picture without a mustache is a real rarity.

Saddam Hussein

The mustache of the former leader of the Republic of Iraq became so inseparable from his image that, hiding from the Americans, he even shaved them off, leaving one beard.

Like other eastern men, Hussein grew a mustache as soon as the opportunity appeared, and therefore in a beardless state he can only be seen in childhood.

The Cuban revolutionary wore perhaps the most iconic mustache and beard.

Ernesto Che Guevara shaved for a long time, until he plunged into the abyss of revolution.

Alexander Lukashenko

Once, Lithuanian oppositionists opposed Lukashenko’s visit to their country with banners that read “Mustachioed is not allowed.”

Alexander Druz

Master of What? Where? When? ”Made the mustache its invariable attribute, which many consider even a talisman.

Shaved Friends can only be seen in photos of youthful times.

Friedrich Nietzsche

The German philosopher and writer grew such a dense and unusual mustache that he became a role model for many contemporaries.

Without a mustache, Nietzsche did not look so serious and terrifying at all.

Frank Zappa

Rock musician also invented the corporate form of a mustache.

And so Zappa was a decent young man.

Armen Dzhigarkhanyan

Mustache has become such a familiar part of the actor’s appearance that, without looking at the photo, you can think about whether he has it.

David Suchet

Everyone knows the British actor in the image of Hercule Poirot with a small mustache.

Seeing a photo of Suchet without a mustache, you can even experience a slight disappointment.

Danny Trejo

The mustache with the tips down, like many of the heroes of our report, became the actor's calling card.

People who are used to being constantly in the spotlight carefully monitor their appearance. Experiments with celebrity hairstyles, mustaches or beards immediately become the subject of discussion by millions of fans around the world.

In front of you TOP 10 famous bearded menwhose facial hair has long been a classic.

It is difficult to imagine a comedian without thick bristles, which has become an integral part of many of his images. Last year, the actor shocked fans with photos with his perfectly shaven face. But, despite the rather positive reaction of subscribers to the new image, Michael again grew a beard.

A martial artist, a successful actor and a hero of numerous jokes about masculinity and strength has not parted with a red beard for many years. She is so fused with the image of the actor that she has overgrown with legends, one of which says: when Norris tried to get rid of his beard, he broke 90 Gillett Power razors and three chainsaws.

This highly paid football player is not accidentally considered an icon of style. His manner of dressing and a tendency to unusual hairstyles are the hallmarks of the famous athlete. He did not miss the bearded boom - his chin was decorated, perhaps, with all the known variations of beards.

A popular athlete who has conquered a lot of fighting rings, is the owner of a unique attractive style. His tattoos and magnificent made him the object of hunting paparazzi of the whole world.

This comedian with unique facial expressions celebrated his 55th anniversary this year. The Russian beard with gray strands, which the actor had grown, upset some fans. The network was full of comments that Jim was old and already looked a little like the hero of the Mask. However, other fans have endorsed the new look and claim that with a beard, Carrie has become more stylish and serious.

The famous singer and actor for a long time walked with a long mustache and beard, giving him a resemblance to the canonical image of Jesus Christ. But for the role of the Joker in The Suicide Squad, the actor decided to radically change himself. And almost immediately, Jared began to miss the facial hair, which he reported under the photo on Instagram.

Maybe the character of the Game of Thrones, John Snow, does not know anything, but the actor who performed his role knows, at least, that with a beard he is much better. Bristles gave the pretty face of the actor the necessary masculinity and added charm.

Tom Neuwirth's beard (that is exactly what the singer is actually called) has become more famous than her master. With it, the Eurovision winner from Austria fights discrimination and bullying transvestites. While shocking the audience, the singer is trying to make people forget about xenophobia.

The actor has been experimenting with facial hair for more than a year - many variations adorned his chin. The stylish bachelor delighted fans with a three-day stubble and a thick Russian beard. The latter was so liked by celebrities that it became part of the image for a long time.

The performer of the role of the inimitable captain Jack Sparrow simply can not walk around with his shaved chin. His beard in the style of "Van Dyck" became the hallmark of the star. It is worth noting that Depp loves beards so much that he made them a collection item - he collects false beards.

Facial hair adds brutality and intelligence to famous men. In addition, the beard is a trend that enables celebrities to quickly and easily change their roles and transform themselves beyond recognition.

Dima Bilan

More recently, the Russian singer shocked his fans with the news - he shaved his bald head and grew a small beard.

In principle, he had a beard for a long time. And she gave him a special masculinity. However, this is not a beard of a lumberjack, but a slight unshaven. And it fits the singer one hundred percent.

Tip. When you want to be remembered about you - radically change the image - this attracts the attention of both fans and ill-wishers.

Timati

A bearded rapper who knows the value of his beard. He knows that a beard opens all roads in front of a female heart. "You have a beard, I'll tell you - YES."

The rapper has a special image - he is brutal and super popular. His videos are always full of luxury and meaning. With a beard, the rapper is especially sexy.

Alexey Chumakov

Image makers have recently accused Alesya Chumakova of having irregular and old-fashioned facial hair.

As a result, the singer reacted to the comments and now on his face is a smooth, light beard that meets fashion trends.

Foreign singers

Among the stars of foreign pop music there are many singers with a beard. No wonder. This trend is very popular among men. What can I say, the foreign stage is teeming with stars with a beard.

For reference. Beard is a popular trend not only among the stars, but also among the entire male population.

Mark Anthony

Mark Anthony doesn't wear a goatee all the time. As a rule, he often has a clean-shaven face. But there are times when the singer releases his little mustache and beard.

With its cheekbones highlighted, it looks harmonious and appropriate.

Timberlake

Timberlake often has a different beard. Either she’s small, then she’s going to the forester’s beard. But she is always well-groomed and well-trimmed.

The singer becomes sexy and courageous. And even if the beard is not white, like Eminem, Justin is beautiful in natural color.

Important. If you want to change the natural color of the beard - do not be shy. Experiment!

Enrique Iglessias

Enrique has no beard, there is a slight unshaven. The singer's image is impeccable. Neat and tidy.

He is sexy and his facial hair confirms this. Barbershopers have tried and now millions of fans are following the image of the sex symbol.

Beard - yes

Now a beard beckons women and forces them to speak - yes! Facial hair in the style of Igor Nikolaev is no longer in vogue and many people understand this. Therefore, the current bearded trend allows young and mature men to remain brutal and sexy.

So really the words of the song Timati are taken from life, there is a beard and everyone will tell you - yes! And this is good advice for creating a new image.

People who are used to being constantly in the spotlight carefully monitor their appearance. Experiments with celebrity hairstyles, mustaches or beards immediately become the subject of discussion by millions of fans around the world.

In front of you TOP 10 famous bearded menwhose facial hair has long been a classic.

It is difficult to imagine a comedian without thick bristles, which has become an integral part of many of his images. Last year, the actor shocked fans with photos with his perfectly shaven face. But, despite the rather positive reaction of subscribers to the new image, Michael again grew a beard.

A martial artist, a successful actor and a hero of numerous jokes about masculinity and strength has not parted with a red beard for many years. She is so fused with the image of the actor that she has overgrown with legends, one of which says: when Norris tried to get rid of his beard, he broke 90 Gillett Power razors and three chainsaws.

This highly paid football player is not accidentally considered an icon of style. His manner of dressing and a tendency to unusual hairstyles are the hallmarks of the famous athlete. He did not miss the bearded boom - his chin was decorated, perhaps, with all the known variations of beards.

A popular athlete who has conquered a lot of fighting rings, is the owner of a unique attractive style. His tattoos and magnificent made him the object of hunting paparazzi of the whole world.

This comedian with unique facial expressions celebrated his 55th anniversary this year. The Russian beard with gray strands, which the actor had grown, upset some fans. The network was full of comments that Jim was old and already looked a little like the hero of the Mask. However, other fans have endorsed the new look and claim that with a beard, Carrie has become more stylish and serious.

The famous singer and actor for a long time walked with a long mustache and beard, giving him a resemblance to the canonical image of Jesus Christ. But for the role of the Joker in The Suicide Squad, the actor decided to radically change himself. And almost immediately, Jared began to miss the facial hair, which he reported under the photo on Instagram.

Maybe the character of the Game of Thrones, John Snow, does not know anything, but the actor who performed his role knows, at least, that with a beard he is much better. Bristles gave the pretty face of the actor the necessary masculinity and added charm.

Tom Neuwirth's beard (that is exactly what the singer is actually called) has become more famous than her master. With it, the Eurovision winner from Austria fights discrimination and bullying transvestites. While shocking the audience, the singer is trying to make people forget about xenophobia.

The actor has been experimenting with facial hair for more than a year - many variations adorned his chin. The stylish bachelor delighted fans with a three-day stubble and a thick Russian beard. The latter was so liked by celebrities that it became part of the image for a long time.

The performer of the role of the inimitable captain Jack Sparrow simply can not walk around with his shaved chin. His beard in the style of "Van Dyck" became the hallmark of the star. It is worth noting that Depp loves beards so much that he made them a collection item - he collects false beards.

Facial hair adds brutality and intelligence to famous men. In addition, the beard is a trend that enables celebrities to quickly and easily change their roles and transform themselves beyond recognition.

We look at the "lambersexual" portraits of the 19th century along with Sofia Bagdasarova.

Lambersexual (from the English lumberjack - "lumberjack") - a brutal man with a beard. Nowadays, a beard is a symbol of masculinity, a way to emphasize your own personality, to stand out from the crowd. In the middle and in the second half of the 19th century, a beard was also worn in Russia in order to show the difference of its owner from those around him. .

At that time, only completely “free" people could afford not to shave - those who were not in the service of the state. (Moreover, representatives of simple estates - clergy, merchants, peasants and Old Believers.)

For others, there were special laws and rescripts. Under Nicholas I, only officers could wear a mustache, and officials were required to smoothly shave their entire face. Only by going up, they could afford short whiskers - and only if the authorities were supportive.

“At the same time, His Majesty deigned to command: not to allow any oddities both in the mustache and in the whiskers, observing that the former were not lower than the mouth, and the latter, if not reduced with the mustache, was also not lower than the mouth, shaving them on the cheeks against thereof. ”

Order on the form of hairstyles. War Department Order

Isaac Levitan. Picture by Valentin Serov. 1893. Tretyakov Gallery

Arkhip Kuindzhi. Painting by Ivan Kramskoy. 1872. Tretyakov Gallery

Mark Antokolsky. Painting by Ivan Kramskoy. 1876. Russian Museum

The vegetation on the face of the capital's inhabitants was considered a sign of freethinking and was not approved by the authorities. By the second half of the 19th century, intellectuals, representatives of the liberal public began to grow beards intensely. As the famous memoirist Elizaveta Nikolaevna Vodovozova writes, “They did not want to resemble, as they were then expressed,“ officials ”or“ binoculars, “did not want to bear the official stamp” . Growing a beard was a clear challenge to total state control.

After resigning, the smoothly shaved artillery lieutenant Leo Tolstoy grows a beard - and one of the most recognizable in Russian art. Petrashevets Alexey Pleshcheyev, exiled as a simple soldier to the Orenburg battalion, upon returning from exile, soon gets magnificent vegetation on his face. A graduate of the Naval Cadet Corps Vasily Vereshchagin, having left for a civilian and completely surrendering to painting, joyfully joins the ranks of the bearded man. There are countless examples. A beard meant belonging to a "free" profession - a writer, journalist, artist, architect, "barefoot" person - the presence of exacting bosses with stupid rules.

Lev Tolstoy. Painting by Ivan Kramskoy. 1873. Tretyakov Gallery

Alexey Plescheev. Painting by Nikolai Yaroshenko. 1887. Kharkov Art Museum

Vasily Vereshchagin. Painting by Ivan Kramskoy. 1883. Tretyakov Gallery

In the same era, Slavophilism spreads: among thinking people, this meant a return to “old Russian traditions” in fashion. They recalled that before the law of Peter the Great in 1705 “On the shaving of beards and mustaches of all ranks to people, except for priests and deacons, on the collection of duties from those who do not want to fulfill it, and on the issue of signs that paid the duty” a beard was an indispensable feature of a real Russian man.

This was combined with a pan-European fashion trend: mustache, whiskers and beard in the 1850s became a popular accessory for Victorian men. Contributed to this, it is believed, the long residence of the British among the mustached Indians, as well as the Crimean War and the massive return of overgrown veterans. Before that, in Europe, facial hair was also considered a symbol of revolutionary spirit and political provocation.

Apollo Mike. Painting by Vasily Perov. 1872. Tretyakov Gallery

Vladimir Soloviev. Painting by Nikolai Yaroshenko. 1892. Tretyakov Gallery

Vsevolod Garshin. Painting by Ilya Repin. 1884. Metropolitan Museum of Art

The state’s position regarding beards softened in

Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolaevich dressed as the chieftain of the Zaporizhzhya Cossacks of the XVII century at a costume ball. 1903

Watch the video: Mustache styles through history (February 2020).

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